Ortho Dictionary

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Panoramic X-ray

Posted on January 15, 2015 An x-ray that rotates around your head to take pictures of your teeth, jaw, and other facial areas.

Ligation

Posted on January 15, 2015 The process of attaching an archwire to the brackets on your teeth.

Invisalign®

Posted on January 15, 2015 An alternative to traditional braces, Invisalign straightens your teeth with a series of clear, custom-molded aligners. Invisalign can correct some, but not all, orthodontic problems.

Impressions

Posted on January 15, 2015 The process of making a model of your teeth by biting into a soft material that hardens into a mold of your teeth. Your orthodontist will use these impressions to prepare your treatment plan.

Debonding

Posted on January 15, 2015 The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.

Debanding

Posted on January 15, 2015 The process of removing cemented orthodontic bands from your teeth.

Consultation

Posted on January 15, 2015 A meeting with your orthodontist to discuss a treatment plan.

Cephalometic X-ray

Posted on January 15, 2015 An x-ray of your head which shows the relative positions and growth of the face, jaws, and teeth.

Bonding

Posted on January 15, 2015 The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using special orthodontic cement.

Banding

Posted on January 15, 2015 The process of fitting and cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.

Wax

Posted on January 14, 2015 Wax is used to stop your braces from irritating your lips.

Tie Wire

Posted on January 14, 2015 A fine wire that is twisted around your bracket to hold the archwire in place.

Separator or Spacer

Posted on January 14, 2015 A small rubber ring that creates space between your teeth before the bands are attached.

Retainer

Posted on January 14, 2015 An appliance that is worn after your braces are removed, the retainer attaches to your upper and/or lower teeth to hold them in place. Some retainers are removable, while others are bonded to the tongue-side of several teeth.

Palatal Expander

Posted on January 14, 2015 A device that makes your upper jaw wider.

Mouthguard

Posted on January 14, 2015 A device that protects your mouth from injury when you participate in sports or rigorous activities.

Lip Bumper

Posted on January 14, 2015 A lip bumper is an archwire attached to a molded piece of plastic. The lip bumper holds back the molars on your lower jaw to provide more space for your other teeth.

Ligature

Posted on January 14, 2015 A thin wire that holds your archwire into your bracket.

Hook

Posted on January 14, 2015 A welded or removable arm to which elastics are attached.

Headgear Tube

Posted on January 14, 2015 A round, hollow attachment on your back bands. The inner bow of your headgear fits into it.

Headgear

Posted on January 14, 2015 Headgear uses an external wire apparatus known as a facebow to gently guide the growth of your face and jaw by moving your teeth into proper position. The force is applied to the facebow by a spring-loaded neck strap or head strap. The straps have a safety release that disconnects if the facebow is pulled or snagged.

Elastic Tie

Posted on January 14, 2015 The tiny rubber band that fits around your bracket to hold the archwire in place. They come in a variety of colors.

Elastic (Rubber Band)

Posted on January 14, 2015 A small rubber band that is hooked between different points on your appliance to provide pressure to move your teeth to their new position.

Coil Spring

Posted on January 14, 2015 A spring that fits between your brackets and over your archwire to open space between your teeth.

Bracket

Posted on January 14, 2015 A metal or ceramic part cemented (“bonded”) to your tooth that holds your archwire in place.

Bond

Posted on January 14, 2015 The seal created by orthodontic cement that holds your appliances in place.

Band

Posted on January 14, 2015 A metal ring that is cemented to your tooth, going completely around it. Bands provide a way to attach brackets to your teeth.

Archwire

Posted on January 14, 2015 The metal wire that acts as a track to guide your teeth along as they move. It is changed periodically throughout treatment as your teeth move to their new positions.

Appliance

Posted on December 23, 2014 Anything your orthodontist attaches to your teeth which moves your teeth or changes the shape of your jaw.